One of the most common concerns among first-time dog owners, and even the most experienced ones, have to do with the basic training of these puppies. Many people tend to believe that it is a complex task or that it requires advanced knowledge.
However, by following a few simple steps and with a little patience and discipline, puppies can learn basic things like waiting, not biting objects at home, and behaving appropriately on the street, among other good habits. It is important to mention that the education for puppies is not only to teach them to do tricks or to prevent them from doing damage inside the home but also to behave in society. This includes not being aggressive with other animals or humans, getting lost on the streets, etc.
Positive reinforcement: Some people believe that punishments (yelling, hitting, elements that inspire fear, etc.) are the appropriate way to train their puppy. Serious mistake! It has been shown that dogs respond better and internalize instructions more easily when they are accompanied by positive reinforcement such as toys, words of affection, caresses, or snacks. When dogs are physically or verbally punished, fear will be embedded into your relationship.
Leadership: Dogs are social by nature and have the need to establish hierarchies and know their position. For them to recognize leadership, instructions must be given firmly and with authority.
Family work: The puppy’s education is a task that must link all members of the household. Rules and limits must be clear in order to transmit them in the best way, for them to adapt easily. If they are allowed to sleep in one bed, the puppy will want to sleep in all beds.
Early correction: Unwanted behaviors or attitudes must be acknowledged immediately in order to correct them in time. After some time has passed, behaviors are more difficult to modify. Modifying behaviors that happened in the past (minutes or hours ago), is not as effective as doing it at the moment of the bad action. Generally, dogs don’t relate the cause and effect if a long time has passed between them.
Socialization: Once the puppy has a complete vaccination schedule, it is time to start taking it outside to the park. This activity allows them to recognize the environment and learn to socialize.
Establish routines: Puppies need to follow routines or schedules. Try your best to comply with the schedules you have established so that they adapt more easily.
Rest: It’s one of the most important recommendations since a mentally or physically tired dog will not obey instructions or will not internalize them properly. It is important that, just as there are schedules for training, there are times for resting.
Discipline and flexibility: Training a puppy requires discipline from both the owner and the puppy themselves. Additionally, if the owner notices that the dog has a hard time following a certain instruction, it may be time to teach them another exercise or activity.
We hope these tips help you receive a new puppy in your home. Just remember, you need a lot of patience and love.